With so many different kinds of schools in the country, it is extremely difficult to pick one that best suits the needs of your child. As a parent, I remember doing thorough research before picking three top choices for my older child. In this article, we look at some of the policies that schools in other countries follow, which can very well be replicated in India.
1. South Korea
One of the main focuses in South Korea is the primary education system—a solid foundation that stays with the individual through the rest of their academic life. For this, students attend school seven days a week.
According to World Bank data, 5.3 per cent of the country’s GDP in 2015 was spent on education. In comparison, 2014 data of the USA was at 5 per cent, while India recorded 3.8 in 2013.
Not only are teachers in South Korea highly qualified, but they are also paid good salaries. Being an educator in this country is an important job.
Takeaway: Build a strong foundation in children and pay educators well.
Children in Finland do not start attending formal school until the age of seven. By law, after every 45 minutes of instruction, teachers must give a 15-minute break. With no homework or standardised testing until high school, the system has been praised by academics world over.
Moreover, teachers are revered and have a high barrier to enter the profession. At the same time, they have the flexibility to plan lessons as they deem fit, and receive feedback at the end of the sessions, that helps them improve.
One of the key policies in this country is to provide a college education for free. Notably, this is not limited to bachelor’s degrees but includes a master’s degree as well as doctoral programmes.
This relieves parents and students from taking on large loans for education.
Takeaway: Delaying the age of entry into school, coupled with making higher education accessible is a win-win.
Switzerland’s education system is counted among the best in the world. It’s not one or two but several factors that makes this system a favoured one. The presence of four national languages and the resultant multilingual education has a variety of benefits for students, including improved proficiency in spoken languages, superior problem-solving abilities, and higher executive functions.
From a young age, children are encouraged to make their own decisions; they can paint, draw, or even pick a musical instrument from as early as three.
Another fascinating aspect is the apprenticeship programme, where students can choose to take up an apprenticeship after elementary school. This gives them the opportunity to be trained in a company or occupation for 2-4 years. Alternatively, they could proceed with secondary school.
Takeaway: A flexible education system makes learning accessible to all.
4. The Netherlands
Children in the Netherlands are said to be among the happiest—they also excel in math, science and literacy. The education system also considers the mental well being of the child. Until the age of 10, students receive a negligible amount of homework and in most cases, no homework at all. This allows them to spend their time outdoors after school, rather than be bogged down by homework.
Interestingly, this system does not advocate competition among the students, and they are seldom graded against each other.
Rather than rote-learning, students are encouraged to learn by experience. The teaching approach uses hands-on methods to achieve an understanding of the subjects.
Takeaway: Allowing students to learn by experience and keeping them happy makes them efficient.
While each country has its own system to impart education, it is ideal to borrow from others for a solid foundation for tomorrow’s leaders. These are some examples that India could consider borrowing from.